Delta Po – Biosphere Reserve
The biosphere reserves identify the terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems where , through an appropriate administration of the land, the enhancement of the ecosystem and its biodiversity are combined with sustainable development strategies .
The priority of the biosphere reserves is the enhancement of biodiversity and of socio-economic development activities, facilitating therefore the ability to perform multiple territorial functions and geared towards sustainable development .
The biosphere reserves represent testing areas of sustainability and the development of proposals the aim of which is that of achieving
this orientation towards development , for the benefit of local communities .
Po Delta presented candidacy in 2013, integrated in 2014 and reaching to be a Biosphere Reserve in 2015. From that moment onwards a great work in taking place and, through an important governance model, defining the managing plan.
Delta Po – Biosphere Reserve
Considering the high environmental value of this area ( the protected area of the Po river delta is one of the most important parks on a river delta in Europe) , beginning in 2011 the institution of the Regional Park of the Po River Delta began to interact with several local entities concerned with the possibility of incorporating this area into a process of candidacy to become a Biosphere Reserve . Thanks to the support of the CARIPARO establishment and to the synergistic cooperation of many territorial entities, in the last years an inclusive project-oriented process has been implemented the aim of which is that of identifying the guidelines for the definition of an application for the candidacy of the River Po Delta as a Reserve of the biosphere in the context of the UNESCO MAB Program.
Canidacy has been presented officially in September 2013, integrated inSeptember 2014 and Delta Po area become officially a Biosphere Reserve on june 2015.
Being a Biosphere Reserve
The recognition of ” Biosphere Reserve “, by UNESCO’s explicit statement, does not imply any further legal obligation, but should be considered as an opportunity to address and solve, with the participation of the population , local problems and their possible conflicts within a global context.
The areas that are candidates for Biosphere Reserve categorization should provide three functions which are fundamental and complementary to each other ( as required by the Seville Strategy of 1995 ): a development function , to encourage and promote sustainable development. a function of landscape preservation, of habitats , of ecosystems , as well as species and genetic diversity ; a logistic function and of support for research, monitoring, ” testing policy ” activities; a function of education and training which must enable the Biosphere Reserve to extend its influence and its good practice beyond its borders , also in the international arena, thanks to its inclusion in the world network of Biosphere Reserves .
As a result , each Biosphere Reserve Biosphere includes three interrelated areas :
The Core Area , or central area , which is subject to a legal system that guarantees the long-term protection of ecosystems and of the plant species and animal species within it.
The Buffer Zone, or “buffer”, which is adjacent or surrounding the core area and contributes to its preservation . The activities permitted in this area should cover mainly the technical development for the use of natural resources that respect the biodiversity of the area and encourage the management or the rehabilitation of ecosystems . The Transition Zone, or area of cooperation , which is not subject to legal constraints and includes human activity , villages , and urban complexes ( the city ). The economic and social activities must be directed to the construction of model projects for sustainable economic development for the benefit , in particular , of the local population. Only the Core Area requires mandatory strict conservation rules and usually coincides with an already existing protection zone and as well as being protected by regulations similar to those of a natural reserve or the protected areas of a national or regional park. The buffer areas provide a functional regime for the protection of the core area. Regarding the areas of transition , however , a system of legal protection is not required and they are not necessarily subject to constraints . The scheme of zoning is not unique and can be applied in different ways in different countries , depending on the geographical or socio – cultural contexts. The flexibility of this scheme remains one of the strengths of the concept of reserve.